Know These 8 Key Fertility Treatment Terms


When learning about infertility, there are many different terms and confusing acronyms. It can be hard to keep track of what they are and what they all mean.

If you are having issues with getting pregnant, make sure to talk to your doctor, since most issues can be resolved with a simple conversation. In order to prepare you for that conversation with your doctor, here are 8 key fertility treatments you may want to know about in advance.

1. Ovulation Induction

This is simply the use of certain medications to induce ovulation for women who are having ovulation problems.

2. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF involves taking mature eggs from the ovaries, fertilizing them with sperm in a lab setting, then implanting the eggs back into the uterus.

3. Minimal Stimulation IVF (Mini-IVF)

During a mini-IVF, the woman takes less medication so that only a few eggs are produced, instead of 10 or more eggs that are produced from regular IVF. This is meant for older women or women who have tried IVF in the past and failed.

4. Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

ICSI is the same as IVF, except that a single sperm cell is directly injected into an egg. Whereas IVF involved mixing the sperm and eggs together.

5. IVF/ICSI with donor eggs

This one is self-explanitory. Donated eggs are fertilized via IVF or ICSI and implanted into the woman’s uterus. This is the most common and most expensive fertility treatments.

6. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

IUI basically gives the sperm a head start by placing them directly into the uterus during ovulation. This is used when the male has low sperm count or low sperm motility.

7. Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

FSH is a hormone that controls the production of eggs and the woman’s menstrual cycle. For women who are low in FSH, they can be prescribed a medication or a direct shot. FSH is commonly used with IVF.

8. Egg Freezing

During egg freezing, eggs are retrieved from the woman using IVF procedures. Once the eggs are collected, they are frozen and stored until a better time for conception arrives.